My name is Bernadette Devlin Mcalisky. Mumia Abu-Jamal’s deep and resonant voice has been silenced and censored. I will read to you one of his illuminating commentaries written on the occasion of Nelson Mandela’s visit to Philadelphia in 1993. Its message is still relevant today. These words were handwritten in a solitary confinement cell by a man awaiting execution.
Mumia begins with a passage from Mandela’s speech that quotes Frederick Douglass.
What to a prisoner is the Fourth of July? At a time like this, scorching irony, not convincing argument, is needed. Oh, had I the ability, and could I reach the nation’s ear, I would today pour out a stream of biting ridicule, blasting reproach, withering sarcasm, and stern rebuke. For it does not light that is needed, but fire. It is not the gentle shower, but thunder.
We need the storm, the whirlwind, and the earthquake. The feeling of the nation must be quickened. The conscience of the nation must be roused. The propriety of the nation must be startled. The hypocrisy of the nation must be exposed. And it’s crimes against God and man must be proclaimed and denounced.
What to the American slave is your Fourth of July? I answer: a day that reveals to him more than all the other days in the year, the gross injustice and cruelty to which he is the constant victim. To him, your celebration is a sham; your boasted liberty, an unholy license. Your national greatness, swelling vanity, your sounds of rejoicing are empty and heartless.
Your denunciation of tyrants, brass-fronted impotence. To the slave, your shouts of liberty and equality are hollow mockery. Your prayers and hymns, your sermons and Thanksgivings with all your religious parade and solemnity, are to him mere bombast, fraud, deception, impiety, and hypocrisy: a thin veil to cover up crimes which would disgrace a nation of savages. There is not a nation on the earth guilty of practices more shocking and bloody than are the people of these United States at this very hour. End quote, Frederick Douglass on July the fifth, 1852.
July 4th, 1993 saw African National Congress president Nelson Mandela in Philadelphia quoting this Frederick Douglass speech as he accepted the Liberty Medal along with South African state president F.W. de Klerk.
If the joint presence of Mandela and de Klerk were not enough to stir a controversy, then the award presenters Philadelphia Mayor Ed Rendell and U.S. President Clinton, certainly stoked controversy amongst radicals. Hundreds of black Philadelphians, while certainly admirers of Mandela, took umbrage at de Klerk’s presence.
Although we, the awarders, are known as we the people, Philadelphia, the actual everyday people of Philadelphia had little say in choosing the Liberty Medal awardees and less say in rejecting the widely unpopular honoree de Klerk.
The choice of Liberty Medalists was not made by the people but by corporate Philadelphia, big business. Why, why were the people, many of whom had worked for more than 20 years against apartheid and for Mandela’s release, frozen out, their protests against de Klerk, all but ignored? When the African majority takes power in South Africa, U.S. big business wants friends there.
If one reads the names of corporate sponsors of the Liberty Medal, it sounds like roll call of the chamber of commerce, Unisys Corp, Pennsylvania Bell, and the like. Mandela, who has not voted in a government election in 74 years, and de Klerk, president by way of an election counting only minority non-black votes, has only the hope of liberty—no more.
The white majority in South Africa has done its level-best to stifle African liberty for 300 years. The African majority, even after the awards, still isn’t free.